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Historical documents – The history of Ca’ Princivalle belongs to ancient centuries: it was already known as a farm house, in 1826,and was registered in the documents of the land properties of the Church State. According to the map of that time, the house was included in a property of about 7 hectares.
From documents of 1855 we know that it belonged to the farmers Raffaele Del Grande e Luigi Di Agostino from Pesaro. The land has remained unchanged over time, both in its area and in the crops (vineyard and olive grove), instead of the house, that changed over the centuries.The main changes in the plan were done in 1875: the former building had two parts, the main of them with an irregular shape. Afterward the smaller part disappeared, while the main one became rectangular and bigger. This can be due to the increasing number of families living there: in the more recent building you can see two kitchens, one at the ground floor and the other one at the first floor, and two independent staircases.

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The land – Because of the farm house is located on both sides of the valley and has got plenty of water, in past centuries it meant a real value for people living here.

The soil at the bottom of the valley was cultivated with vegetables, which took advantage of the two existing wells and of a spontaneous source of water, given by a shallow aquifer which still exists. The wells were equipped with a special system of lifting water, called “catenaria”. Crops have remained unchanged over the time: it is still possible to identify an olive grove and a vineyard, already mentioned in the registry of 1855. It is estimated that even the hundreds of olive trees belong to that time, looking at the age of the plants.

Story-img3The type of house –According to historical researches, the house belongs to the type“Romagna”, variety “Fogliense” (A. Mori). In the words of professor Alberto Mori (1946), in this type of house “part of the dwelling was juxtaposed to the rustic, and outside it was also distinguished by a shed along the whole façade, supported towards the center by one or two pillars and resting at the two ends of walls. Under this roof there was the lodge: here in the past decades you could find the doors of the barn, of the cellar and the one of the house at the centre; at the two ends, on the one hand , there was the oven and on the other hand the hen-house and sometimes the closet.

The door of the house led into a small entrance hall, which brought to the stable and to the kitchen. A single flight of stairs led to a landing floor, with two other rooms among which there was the warehouse. The plan itself shows the the type of house. Sometimes the entrance to the house under the balcony brought to the kitchen: here, a wooden staircase allowed you to get in the living spaces upstairs. This variety is found mostly in the northern part of the municipality of Pesaro and in that of Gradara.

The main typical element is the coverage of the lodge, as it was a true compartment supplementary building, with kitchen on the ground floor: this specific characteristic becomes more and more frequent as one goes to the north. So that, you can hink that its center of distribution is in in Romagna region, and this was confirmed to me by several local experts. So I think appropriate the establishment of a type “Romagna”, the distribution of which you will define in the description of the other areas of the region. However, being especially frequent in the lower valley of Foglia river, it is appropriate to talk about a variety “Fogliense”, to distinguish it from a mountain range, somewhat different. ”

A. Mori “The rural house in the northern Marches”, 1946